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Background; Epileptic spasms (ES) is an epileptic encephalopathy occurring during infancy and early childhood. Early recognition and management is important to prevent severe neurological impairment. This study aimed at describing the clinical presentation, management and outcome of patients with Epileptic Spasms attending Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH), in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. Methods; A retrospective cross sectional study of all patients diagnosed with epileptic spasms was conducted at MNH from July 2016 to October 2018. Results; A total of 40 patients diagnosed with epileptic spasms were retrieved with male to female ratio of 3:2. In this study, 17 (42.5%) patients had a documented history of perinatal insult. The median age of onset of spasms was 5 months (IQR 1-12 months). In 15 (88%) out of 17 patients whom electroencephalography ( EEG) findings were retrieved had abnormal EEG findings showing either generalized epileptiform discharges 7(41%), generalized slowing 5(30%), hypsarrthymia 1(6%), or abnormal focal epileptiform discharges 2 (12%). Twenty-nine (73%) received prednisolone, with a median time of spasms subsiding of 1 month with a range of 10 days to 3 months in about 90% of them. Conclusion; The median age of onset of epileptic spasms at MNH is 5 months with the most common cause being perinatal insult in more than 40% of the patients. High dose prednisolone showed a good response in patients with epileptic spasms at MNH.


Epileptic spasms, hypsarrthymia, Prednisolone

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How to Cite
Mwalongo, J., & Kija, E. (2022). Epileptic spasms at Muhimbili National Hospital Tanzania, a retrospective study. Journal of the International Child Neurology Association, 1(1).


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